During the XVII century, the Turks tried to expand their domain in Europe. Grand vizier Kara Mustafa was nominated head of an army of over two hundred thousand soldiers, flanked by he Tartar horsemen.
Their primary target was Vienna, a city that once conquered, would provide easy access to he West.
Polish king John III Sobieski left Krakow and his country unprotected to join the allies hastily, and on September 12, 1683, after twelve hours of combat, the Polish heavy lancers broke he lines on the invaders, and finally the Turks surrendered.
The painting that gives name to the Hall was a gift to the Pope for the 200th anniversary of the battle, a reminder of the loyal alleys who prevented the fall of Catholicism during the “Last Crusade”.